There are more than a hundred olive references in the Bible, one of the most remembered refers to Genesis: a dove takes an olive branch to Noah to show him the ending of the Flood. Noah noticed in this act a sign of the coming peace.
The “Messiahs” term, in Aramatic language, means “anointed”, which is understood“ as “anointed with olive oil”. In that way, Jewish people crowned their kings. The Exodus narrates the way in which God taught Moses the “Holy anointing oil” preparation. Some prophets and high priests also, were anointed with oil. In the other hand, the Mount of Olives, near Jerusalem, was the framework of different biblical scenes.
The olive branch is known not only as a peace symbol, but also as of glory and abundance. We should remember, for instance, that the Promise Land would be “full of olives and honey”, and Homer called the olive oil “the liquid gold”.
The Geek mythology talks about a competition between Poseidon, seas God, and Atenea, wisdom Goddess, because both were city’s guardians. Poseidon stuck his trident in a stone and made water rose up from the sea. Atenea buried her spear and made the olive plant came up. The Gods believed that Atenea’s present was better, so they gave her name to the city. In the Olympic Games, the winners received a crown, made of olives branches and in the Panantenaicos Games the winners received great quantities of olive oil as a prize. All those things turn the olive and its derivated products, into ways of symbolizing the victory and the glory, and also a way of awarding the winners.